Habanero peppers were once the hottest peppers in the world, but no longer. Chili peppers are getting hotter and hotter, with new peppers topping a mind blowing 2 million Scoville Heat Units, but habanero peppers offer a powerful heat that once claimed the top spot in the Guinness Book of World Records.
The Red Savina Habanero Pepper was once the hottest pepper in the world, reigning on the Guinness Book of World Records list between 1994 and 2006. The Red Savina measures in at up to 577,000 Scoville Heat Units, which is plenty to scorch the tongues of would be pepper lovers.
In 2007, however, the Bhut Jolokia, claimed the new title as hottest pepper in the world, blasting the Red Savina by topping 1 million SHU. But the story does not end there.
In 2011, the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T bested the Bhut Jolokia (also known as the Ghost Pepper), but was quickly overthrown in 2012 by the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion, which brought the race for the "hottest chili pepper in the world" race to a whole new level by topping out at 2,000,000 Scovilles!
However, they aren't done yet! Next came the Carolina Reaper. With a Guinness-submitted 1,569,383 SHU (scoville heat units) average and recently measured peak levels of over 2,200,000 SHU, SMOKIN’ ED’S CAROLINA REAPER® has officially completed its long journey to the top of “superhot” chili charts.
Still, even though the habanero pepper is no longer the hottest pepper in the world, it has rooted its place in history as a major player in the world of chili peppers for its heat, its amazing flavor, and its incredibly rich history.